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The Lobkowicz family (Lobkovic in modern Czech, plural Lobkovicové; Lobkowitz in German) is one of the oldest still existing Bohemian noble families dating back to the 14th century. First Lobkowiczs were mentioned as members of the gentry of north-eastern Bohemia. Mikuláš Chudý ("the Poor") z Újezda (later z Lobkovic) was an important politician of the 15th century. Bohuslav Hasištejnský z Lobkovic was an essayist and poet. His brother Jan Hasištejnský z Lobkovic was a diplomat and pilgrim to the Holy Land. Zdenek Vojtech Popel z Lobkowic was the head of the Catholic Party in early 17th century Bohemia and received Imperial as well as Bohemian princely title in 1620s. Jirí Kristián z Lobkowicz was a Bohemian politician and head of Bohemian Diet in the late 19th century.
In 1918/1919 both Austria and Czechoslovakia abolished nobility including its titles and other prerogatives.
Today, there are four main branches of family: the Roudnice Lobkowiczs, the Krimice Lobkowiczs, the Dolni Berkovice Lobkowiczs, and the Melník Lobkowiczs.
Historically, the best known member of the Lobkowicz family is probably Joseph Franz Maximilian Lobkowicz (1772-1816), the patron of Beethoven. He was the dedicatee of some of the composer's greatest works, including the 3rd, 5th, and 6th symphonies and the Opus 18 string quartets.